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1. ON THIS DAY IN HISTORY
8th November 1895
The discovery of X-Rays
On this day in 1895, physicist Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen (1845-1923) becomes the first person to observe X-rays, a significant scientific advancement that would ultimately benefit a variety of fields, most of all medicine, by making the invisible become visible. Rontgen’s discovery occurred accidentally in his laboratory in Wurzburg, Germany, where he was testing whether cathode rays could pass through glass, when he noticed a glow coming from a nearby chemically coated screen. He dubbed the rays that caused this glow X-rays because of their unknown nature.
X-rays are electromagnetic energy waves that act similarly to light rays, but at wavelengths approximately 1,000 times shorter than those of light. Rontgen conducted a series of experiments to better understand his discovery. He learned that X-rays penetrate human flesh but not higher-density substances such as bone or lead and that consequently they could be photographed.
Rontgen’s discovery was labeled a medical miracle and X-rays soon became an important diagnostic tool in medicine, allowing doctors to see inside the human body for the first time without surgery. In 1897, X-rays were first used on a military battlefield, during the Balkan War, to find bullets and broken bones inside patients.
Scientists were quick to realize the benefits of X-rays, but slower to comprehend the harmful effects of radiation. Initially, it was believed X-rays passed through flesh as harmlessly as light. However, within several years, researchers began to report cases of burns and skin damage after exposure to X-rays, and in 1904, Thomas Edison’s assistant, Clarence Dally, who had worked extensively with X-rays, died of skin cancer.
Dally’s death caused some scientists to begin taking the risks of radiation more seriously, but they still weren’t fully understood, and deaths continued. In 1934 famous scientist Marie Curie died due to anaemia caused by long-term exposure to X-Rays from her radiological work in World War 1. During the 1930s, 40s and 50s, American shoe stores featured shoe-fitting fluoroscopes that used to X-rays to enable customers to see the bones in their feet; it wasn’t until the 1950s that this practice was determined to be dangerous and banned.
Wilhelm Rontgen received numerous accolades for his work, including the first Nobel Prize for Physics in 1901, yet he remained modest and never tried to patent his discovery. Today, X-ray technology is widely used in medicine, material analysis and devices such as airport security scanners.
2. TODAY IN MY LIFE
Twitter Followers = 2,034 (up 1)
Non-followed eliminated = 0
Unfollowers eliminated = 0
New Followers followed back = 1
Spammers not followed back = 0
3. TODAY'S SELF-OBSERVATION
I fear that my interest in that environment is entirely about me. There is simply not enough courage and assertiveness amongst the others to lead any kind of general revolt. I therefore stand up only for the interests of myself, though that occasionally also benefits others.
The last quarter at least, when someone with half a brain took over, went in complete contrast to the previous three quarters. A smooth finish and a pleasant evening alone with Missus followed. Son had a night out and sleepover with a mate, so we didn't have to "behave" although misbehaviour was somewhat light due to Missus' damaged knee.
Normally horny Missus has been completely off the whole sex thing since her knee sustained whatever damage it has. This has proved to be nothing I can't handle! ; ) I'm now well past the stage of feeling incomplete without a regular sexual encounter. A good cum on a regular basis is now for the same reason as a good poo -for physical health and wellbeing rather than any emotional need, and neither require the presence of Missus!
Some excessive self-indulgence of late in food treats has expanded my waistline, and a return to more disciplined habits is called for. I am no longer really that bothered about my weight, but getting too big would affect my cred as a therapist, as well as the inconvenience of not fitting my clothes, so now recent indiscipline has come into my awareness, it's time to re-assert some modest dietary control.
4. TODAY'S QUESTION FOR YOU
Are you asserting/defending yourself?
5. TODAY'S WEATHER IN BRADFORD
Dry and bright start
Heavy rain arrives by mid-morning
Rain will move away by mid-evening then skies will clear
A moderate south-easterly will pick up by late morning
Wind will strengthen and swing south westerly or westerly by mid-afternoon
Max Temp = 14 degC at 4pm
Min Temp = 7 degC at 8am
Sunrise at 07:20
Sunset at 16:21
Weathertrack: A strong depression north of Scotland will drive weather fronts across Britain today
Air Pressure: 1022 millibars and falling sharply
6. TODAY'S ONELINER
I'm getting my son an unnecessarily large rocket this year. He’ll be over the moon :D
7. NOW THAT'S FUNNY!
There is now considerable evidence that sex decreases stress. Stress creates hormonal changes in the human body that can decrease libido and sex response. However, penetrative sex (as opposed to other types of sex, such as masturbation) decreased stress hormones the most while those who had no sex had the highest blood pressure.
9. ZEN WISDOM
You must not think of yourself as powerless, or as “no more than a collection of matter.” You must not regard yourself as a slave to your genes. Fundamentally, all human beings have limitless and immense potential, and this potential is unlocked by belief.